Ulster Dialect Words & Phrases collected by the late William Lutton
and edited by Francis Joseph Bigger

with brief biography
second edition



Copies of the Society's recent reprint of Montiaghisms can be bought for £4.00 each, including postage and packing to addresses in UK and Ireland. This attractive little A5 booklet contains William Lutton's collection of dialect words and copies of pages taken from his original manuscript. The front cover is a photograph of the Bannfoot ferry which was the last hand operated cable ferry for vehicles in the British Isles. This booklet is a great read and makes an excellent present, particularly for those with Ulster roots.


This collection of dialect words and phrases was compiled by the late William Lutton eighty or ninety years ago, the words were at that time heard and noted by him. His residence was at Breagh, in the parish of Seagoe, Portadown, but they were largely collected from the district known as the Montiaghs, which is a boggy parish surrounding Lough Gullion, on the shores of Lough Neagh immediately west of Lurgan and north of Portadown, in the County of Armagh.

William Lutton was a man of some culture. Being intended for the medical profession, he studied for some years in Paris. Having curious conscientious objections to completing his medical course; he returned home, taking up the duties of a land and road surveyor, and was so engaged during his lifetime, which terminated 2nd November, 1870. He was born at Breagh on 15th August, 1807, and is buried in old Seagoe Churchyard. During his lifetime' he was a constant correspondent with his cousin, Anne Lutton, whose "Memorials of a Consecrated Life" was published in 1881. His father was Richard Lutton, a brother of the father of Anne Lutton; his mother was Anne Jones, of Ballyhannon, for whom he had a great affection. She died 13th February, 1857 at the age, of eighty. He was much employed in land surveying by Lord Lurgan, the Copes of Loughgall, and the Great Northern Railway; I have seen several of his survey maps, most skilfully laid down; with the printing like copperplate, having artistically drawn insets of houses, scenery, etc., all the work of a craftsman's hand. He amassed a considerable library largely of a religious nature, was a fair musician, constructing his own pipe organ. He also wrote a commentary on the Bible, a work that entailed continuous labour and research for many years. Highly esteemed for his probity and sterling qualities, he was much sought after, not only in his own parish, but in wider circles in questions of delicacy and dispute, when his judgment was always accepted for its fairness and wisdom. His wife's name was Jane Elliott, who, with their three children, survived the worthy man.

This collection contains numerous entries not now in use some have even passed from recollection, whilst many are peculiar to the Montiaghs - not known in other districts or found in other collections of Ulster dialect words. The number of items included contains about twenty-five per cent of purely Gaelic origin, which is a large average in Ulster dialect. The character of the users of these words and phrases is shown in the use of abusive epithets, which amount to over thirteen per cent., whilst terms of endearment do not reach the half of that figure. Special and peculiar household and agricultural words, as can readily be understood, amount to the considerable figure of seventeen per cent each, whilst industrial words only reach six per cent. Of course, this is only a rough, though fairly accurate, analysis of the list, which numbers about nine hundred entries. The compiler went to considerable trouble in the repetition of noun words and verb words, and also in denoting different parts of speech - this has been omitted as not now being of much interest or dialectic value. In no case has a word or meaning been added or altered; some have other meanings and uses at the present time, especially in other parts of Ulster; so it was thought advisable to let the work stand as written by such an accurate and careful recorder as William Lutton is shown to have been. It has been a great pleasure and satisfaction to me to edit the list, and to give a prominent place in Ulster lore to such a valuable addition to our dialect literature, which might have been lost but is now preserved in print for the first time.

Francis Joseph Bigger
Ardrigh, Belfast.

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ADDLE. To learn by diligent industry.

ADLINS. Earnings; generally used for small earnings.

AGAIN. Against.

AGG. "Agg him up". To incite; to stir up; to encourage to do mischief.

A-HOOGH. An exclamation expressive of surprise and disappointment.

A-JEE. Out of proper form or order; awry.

AMADTHAN. A thoughtless, brainless person.

AMPLUSH. Nonplus.

A-NAN or NAN. A request that what was last said may be repeated, as not having been distinctly heard.

ANYWAY. At least; at all events; what-ever may happen.

ARK. A large chest used for holding grain, meal, etc.; a bin.

ARR. The "scar" which remains after a wound or sore has healed.

AS-SEL. "Assel teeth". The large grinders or back teeth; called also double teeth.

AT HIMSELF. A person who is supposed to be labouring under some, temporary aberration of intellect, is said to be "Not at himself" - similar to the phrase "Beside himself".

A-VAV. An exclamation expressive of surprise and delight.

AXE. Ask.

AXT. Asked.

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BACKANS. An inferior kind of tow; also support, seconds, or assistance in any business or enterprise.

BACKSET. A relapse into sickness; anything that checks the growth of plants or animals.

BAD SCRAN-to me, to him. (Scran means food-bad food to you.)

BAILMILK. Porridge made by boiling oaten meal in new milk.

BANGSTER. A bullying violent person.

BAREN. Except. "All baren one " - all except one.

BARGE. A passionate, boisterous, imperious woman.

BARKENED. Encrusted.

BAT. A smart, sudden blow.

BATLEY BOARD. A board on which the letters of the alphabet are pasted for children to learn.

BATTHER. A large amount or great quantity; a great deal of anything as of work, talk, etc.

BAWKEN. A simple, unsuspecting person; one easily imposed upon.

BEAGLE. A wild, unmanageable fool.

BEATAL. The outskirts of turf bog, turned into arable ground; specially such as are only beginning to be cultivated.

BEDDEREL. One who is confined to bed by age or sickness.

BEDDY. Meddlesome; impertinently officious.

BEESELINS. Corrupted from "biestings", the first milk given by a cow after calving.

BEET. A bundle of green flax as it is bound up in the field.

BEETLE-HEAD: A tadpole.

BELCH. An animal, the body of which is large and stout in proportion to the length and size of its legs.

BELL-THE-CAT. To contend with one possessed of superior power, authority or influence.

BEL-YORE. A noisy, clamorous person; an uproar; a tumult.

BEN-LEATHER. Thick sole-leather.

BENNELS. Dried stalks of the larger kinds of weeds, used for fuel.

BERL. To suppurate.

BIDABLE. Obedient to orders given by a superior; submissive.

BING. A heap of potatoes, grain, etc.

BIZ. Be. "If all biz well". If all be well-an attempt to combine the verbs "Be" and "Is".

BIZZ. Buzz. The hum of insects.

To BIZZ. To buzz; to circulate a report industriously; to tell tales in the ears of great folk.

BLAAD. A great breadth of surface.

BLACK-A-VOIST. Having dark-coloured eyes; of a dark complexion.

BLAIRNEY. Frothy conversation; ridiculous nonsense.

BLASH. Splash; the sound produced by a large and heavy body falling into water; vain, useless conversation.

BLAST. A person who inflates with praise; to puff; to boast.

BLATTHER. A loud noise, such as the report of an explosion, or the falling of a wall.

BLAY. Dun, livid, or leaden coloured.

BLETHER. A vain, foolish-talking person.

BLETHERS. Empty, foolish, extravagant or absurd conversation.

BLETHRIN. Senseless, talkative.

BLINK. A short gleam, of sunshine; an interval of fair weather.

To BLINK. To exert some mysterious evil influence by means of a look.

BLURT. To sob; to sigh, convulsively.

BOAST. Empty; decayed or, hollow within.

BOAST: To silence by reproof; to hush.

BOCK A thump. ,

BOCK. To toss about; to abuse through carelessness; as is often the case with clothes, shoes, hats, books, etc.

BOGHAL. A bungler; a clumsy, awkward workman.

BOGHALIN. Doing work in a careless, slovenly, or clumsy manner.

BOIL. An abscess.

BOKE. To puke; to retch without full vomiting.

BONE. To take hold of a thing with a firm, determined grasp.

BONNOCK. A thick oaten cake; from the Scotch Bannock.

BOON. A company of reapers or other labourers.

BOOSE. The stall at which cows feed; also a lucrative situation or office.

BOOT. In barter, some money given along with the article that is considered to be of lesser value, to make the bargain equal.

BORETREE. The elder tree.

BOTCH. An awkward, unskilful workman.

BOTHER or BOTHERATION. A person, thing or circumstance that causes trouble or annoyance.

BOTHER. Trouble, difficulty, vexation, or annoyance of any kind.

BOTTLE OF STRAW. From the French Botte, a truss. A bundle as it is bound up for thatching. A bottle of hay is the feed for a horse.

BOW. A measure of grain containing Zen bushels.

BOWL. Bold.

BOXTEY. A detestable kind of bread, made of raw potatoes, grated and mixed with flour or meal.

BRACE. A transverse beam of timber .on which the funnel of an open chimney is built.

BRACKANS. The fern plant.

BRAE. A steep hill.

BRALLY. A loud noise; a string of vociferations; a volley of oaths.

BRAN-NEW. . Quite new.

BRANNISH. A vain, empty show or pretension; a seemingly advantageous offer or proposal.

BRASH. A fit of sickness; the time which a person continues to work a churn until he is relieved.

BRATTLE. A clap of thunder.

BRAVE. This word as an adverb indicates a greater than ordinary degree of the quality expressed by the adjectives as Brave and warm, -cold, -high, -low, -wet, -dry, etc. It is more frequently applied to inanimate things than to any other.

BRAVELY. In good health.

BREAK. When weather changes from to foul it is said to "Break".

BRENTH. Breadth.

BRIMS. Brine. Salt pickle. Bream-fish.

BRISLER. A potato which has been cooked among the coals.

BRISS. Bristles; hairs used by shoe and brush makers.

BRISSEL. To broil or toast potatoes by placing coals upon them.

BROGHAN. Thin gruel.

BROOK. An ulcerous abscess.

BRUCKLE. Brittle. Applied to the weather, it signifies changeable and showery.

BRUGGAGE or BRUGGITCH. Useless lumber.

BRUGH. The dense halo which at times surrounds the moon, generally presaging foul weather.

BRUMMEL. To bungle; mismanaged affair.

BRUST. Burst.

BUCKEY BRIAR. The wild rose.

BUCKEY. The hip containing the seeds of the wild rose.

BUGGLE. From the Scotch Bogle. Some kind of supernatural appearance about which many stories are told to frighten children; something set up to frighten birds; a scare-crow. When a horse fears and shuns some-thing he sees in his way he is said to Buggle at it.

BUM-BEE. The Humble bee.

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CADDIS. Some spongy substance put an ink bottle to prevent spilling.

CALL. Need, necessity, want, occasion.

CALLIAGH. The last handful of corn, which at the end of the harvest is cut down with peculiar ceremony; also a potato of the former year which remains sound after having produced a stalk.

CAMP. Among work people, to try to speed one another at reaping.

CANTY. Lively, active, cheerful in old age.

CAP. To stop the progress of something that is in motion; to arrest; to prevent.

CAPSIZE. To overturn.

CATECHISE. A catechism.

CAULM or CAWM. A calm, also an iron ladle in which lead, tallow, etc., are melted.

CAWDEY. A shrewd, crafty little boy.

CAYLEY. A visit; a conversation. To gad about for the purpose of hearing and telling news and general gossip,

CHALK. A small quantity of food taken between meals; a lunch.

CHAMP. Food made by pounding various garden vegetables together with potatoes; to pound or bruise.

CHANDRY. Stony. Into out-

CHAP. A customer; a buyer.

CHATS. Small potatoes, apples, etc.

CHATTHER. A bed of small stones' lying iii tillage ground. Called also a CHAND-THER,

CHAVEL. To chew without swallowing, as pigs do to chaff or the like.

CHEEP. A chirp.

CHEGH. The name by which a cow is ad-dressed or called when at a distance.

CHEW or CHEUGH. A reprimand given to a barking dog.

CHOP. A young lad.

CHUCKEY. The call by which hens are convoked.

CHURN. The rural festival of "Harvest Home".

CLAAT. To daub unskilfully or carelessly; to rake through an unctuous substance with-out any fixed purpose.

CLABBER. Soft clay; sediment of drains, dirt of roads, puddle.

CLAG. A fly that fastens on animals and sucks their blood. The harvest bug.

CLAMP. An oblong pile of turf, raised for the purpose of drying them.

CLART. A -cook or housewife who is un-cleanly in' her habits.

CLASH. A tell-tale, the tale told by such a person.

CLASH. To officiously report to a superior the faults or follies' of another person.

CLATTY. Applied to cooks and housewives, signifies uncleanly; roads and arable grounds are said to be clatty when the dirt is in an adhesive state.

CLEVER or CLIVVER. Liberal; bountiful; generous.

CLIB. A young horse; a young lad.

CLICK. A -slender hook made of wire.

CLINK. A gay, frolicsome, mischievous young person.

CLIP. Synonymous with the. foregoing.

CLIPE. A considerable breadth of land, leather, board, slate, etc.

CLOCK and CLOCK-IN. Among fowls, the act of incubation; or a disposition to the performance of it.

CLOG. Machinery, etc., with any glutinous matter; to clamm.

CLOGHER. To cough violently.

CLOKES. Those grains of wheat which, after winnowing, retain the husk.

CLOUT. The hoof of cloven-footed animals.

CLOUT. A blow struck upon the head with the unclenched hand.

COADEY. To beat severely with a rod.

COAG or COGUE. A full draught or meal. .

CODGER. A cunning, crafty little boy.

COGGLE. To stand unsteadily, so as to be at liberty to rock from side to side.

COGLY. Unsteadily; easily made to rock.

COLFIN. Wadding for firearms.

COLOGUE-ING. Engaged in secret conversation on low and worthless subjects, or scheming;

COL-POGH. A young boy or girl not grown to full size.

COMBUSTIBLE. A mixture composed of numerous ingredients no matter how incombustible they may be in their nature; a compound.

COMPACTION. A lying tale, got up with art and design; "A cunningly-devised fable".

CONAGH. The larva of a large insect.

CONNEY. Cautious; skilful, prudent, artful, cunning; gentle, without force.

COO-RUM. A combination of fawning and flattery; designed to draw attention and obtain the good will of a superior.

COPPEN. A small wooden dish.

CORN. Is here exclusively used for oats - as "he has a great deal of wheat sown this year, but no corn".

CORNAPTIOUS. Irritable of temper; Captious.

COTTHER. To disarrange; to entangle; to put in confusion. A scuffle in which it is hard to distinguish one person from another. .

COWL. a cold; cold.

COWL-RIFE. Chilly, susceptible of cold.

COWP. To overturn.

COY. To decoy.

COZIE. Warm; comfortable.

CRACK. Enlivening conversation; merriment. A crack, a short interval of time, or of space.

CRAMP. Applied to talk or conversation, means that which is affectedly obscure or ambiguous, and seasoned with wit and repartee.

CRANKIE. A person, especially a young person, who is diminutive in size, but crafty, cunning and artful.

CRATHUR. Creature; a term expressive of pity and compassion.

CREE. To cook unground grain by stewing.

CREEL. A wicker basket of an oblong form; a pannier; called by the Scotch "a Skip".

CREEPY. A small stool; it is also used for a person or thing that is low and diminutive.

CRIG. A long-handled mallet used in husbandry to break clods.

CRISP. To fold a piece of cloth lengthwise by doubling it exactly in the middle.

CRONE-YON. The purring of a cat.

CROWDEY. Broth or soup thickened with oatmeal.

CROWL. To stunt anything in its growth. A dwarf of any kind.

CRUDS. Curds.

CRUEL. Prefixed to an adjective denotes the superlative degree of the quality expressed: as "Cruel good", -kind, etc.

CRUISKIN. A small earthen pipkin; from the old word Cruise.

CRULDGE. To press into small space so as to alter the form; to compress.

CRUMBLE. A crumb.

CUMM. to coagulate milk by the addition of rennet; to become damp after having been dried.

CURCUDDEUGHLY. Sociably, familiarly, friendly, kindly.

CURWHEEBLE. Any deviation from straightness, or regularity of form; an error in a straight line.

CUTE. Keen, subtle, ingenious; a contraction of Acute.

CUTTHER. To converse in a low voice; yet above a whisper.

CUTTY. Any instrument that is become snort by being worn or broken.

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DANDILLY. A young person who through over-indulgence is become feeble in body, or pettish in temper, or both.

DAUNDER. To walk about slowly and idly; to saunter.

DAWD. A large piece; a heavy, dull, stupid, inactive person.

DEAD CUT. To be "at or on the Dead Cut" is to use the most strenuous and incessant exertion, whether voluntarily or otherwise.

DEAR. A title given to' the Supreme Being, answering to that of Lord as-"The Dear knows", "The Dear send", "The Dear keep us", etc.

DEAVE. To stun with loud or long continued noise; to deafen.

DENTY. Neat, compact, tidy.

DGAURY. Anything that is remarkably small of its kind.

DICKER. To contend with.

DIDDY. The singular of the female breast; a pap.

DINDGE. The impression, made by a blow struck upon a vessel which is made of any malleable, , inelastic metal; a dint-from which it is probably derived.

DING. To ring. To talk incessantly on one subject; a ringing sound.

DINNEL. To feel or cause to feel, a small tingling, thrilling, or slightly throbbing pain.

DISREMEMBER. To lose recollection of; to forget.

DOAF. A Doaf sound is one that is dull, hollow, or flat; such as is produced by striking on soft, elastic substances.

DOAGHY. Heavy, lumpish, inactive.

DODGE. To walk at a slow, regular pace.

DOITRE or DOITHER. To move' about slowly and stupidly.

DONSY, DONNY. Feeble, weak, debilitated.

DOO-ALL or DHOO-AL. The rove beetle.

DOTTHER. To walk in an unsteady, staggering manner; so as to be like to fall.

DOVER. To doze; to slumber.

DOWN-WITH. Declivity; a precipice.

DOWP. The remnant of a candle.

DOZE. Spoken of wood, leather, etc., means to become decayed, in the state of Dryror.

DOZED Applied to persons, it signifies stupified either by age or intemperate habits.

DRABBLE. To bespatter the lower part of the dress in walking. To draggle.

DRAM-MOCK. "As wet as Drammock " means very wet.

DRAP. A Drop. However,' a "Drag" of broth or of Stirabout often means a quart or more, varying according to the capacity of the consumer.


DREE. Slow, tedious, wearisome.

DREEP. To Drip.

DRIB A very small sum of money; a small instalment of a debt. To drain the last milk from a cow.

DRIFFLE. Drizzle; to rain gently.

DRING. One who spends his life in indolence and inactivity.

DRIZZEN. To sing in a low tone, or in a careless manner when the mind is occupied by other matters; to hum.

DROOK-IT. Completely drenched with wet.

DROUTH. thirst; continued dry weather.

DUB. A small pool of water formed by the rain settling in a hollow in a road or cause-way.

DUDS. Ragged, worn-out clothes.

DUKE. To crouch for the purpose of concealment; to creep along under cover of a hedge, etc.

DUKERY-PAWKERY. Low artful contrivances to deceive; double dealing.

DULBERT. One who is dull or slow of apprehension; a thick-skull.

DULLAS or DULLYS. The edible sea-weed; Dulse.

DUNDER or DUNDTHER. To make a loud hollow, thundering sound.

DUNT or DUNTCH. To strike with the forehead, as quadrupeds wanting horns do; to butt.

DURAGH. Something given to a purchaser over and above the weight or measure to which he is entitled by bargain.

DWALM. A sudden and generally temporary fit of sickness or nausea.

DWINE. To decline in health; to labour under a slow disease.

DYLED. Stupid; dull or slow of apprehension; wanting sensibility, absent in mind.

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EASEN. The eave of a thatched house.

ELDER. Udder of a cow or goat.

EVEN. To place in comparison with; to, hint at; to' propose; to declare an opinion; to accuse indirectly.

EVERY OTHER DAY. Every second or al-ternate day, and, so of NIGHT, WEEK, MONTH, etc.

EYE-BRIGHT. Pleasing to the eye. Beautiful.

EYE-TEETH. The canine teeth. Figuratively it signifies the faculty which some men possess ofover-reaching those with whom they transact business. In such cases the person is said to have his eye-teeth about him.

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FACK. The pointer used to direct the eye of a child while at his lesson.

FACK-LESS. Feeble, powerless; deficient in either mental or bodily energy.

FADGE. I A thick cake made of a coarse wheaten meal. To obtain the necessaries of life by lawful or unlawful means.

FAN-KLE. To entangle the feet or hands, as with long, loose- dress, etc.


FARL. The fourth part of a cake of bread, the metallic ring driven on the end of a stick.

FEARD or AFEARD. Afraid.

FECK. A fit of anxiety or ill-humour, occasioned by some disappointment.

BAD FELLOW. A selfish churl; the reverse of the former.

GOOD FELLOW. A liberal, generous person; one who willingly shares with others and good thing which he possesses.

FEND. To provide; to endeavour.

FENDY. Active and clever in providing.

FIDGE. To shrug or shift the, body in consequence of some uneasy sensation.

FINE A BIT, FINE A ONE, FINE MEND YOU, etc. The word "Fine" in each of these examples stands Fiend, or devil, equivalent to "Devil a bit", " Devil a one", "Devil mend you", etc.

FISSEL. To bustle, to make a rustling noise.

FIX. A plan or contrivance. A difficulty.

FIXFLAX. A name given by children and others to the large glands which are attached to the muscles of quadrupeds.

FIZ. A tumult or uproar.

FLANNIN. Flannel.

FLATTER. This word is used for to entreat; to beg earnestly; to implore.

FLEECH. To flatter, wheedle, fawn; a person who does so.

FLERD. A light, giddy thoughtless girl.

FLIT. To remove to another habitation.

FLITTEN. Household goods when in the state of being removed.

FLOOSTHER. Same as "Fleech".

FLOOSTHER-BAG. A flatterer.

FLOW-INS. Those loose filaments which rise and float in the air when operations are performing on flax, feathers, or the like.

FLOW-MOSS. Turf-bog in its natural wild state, from which the surface has not been removed by cutting.

FOG. A name bestowed on the common species of mosses indiscriminately; to search an orchard for remaining fruit, after the principal crop is removed.

FOG-MEAL. A very abundant and expensive meal, made by the improvident poor, when they have got, a little money in their hands. It is distinguished by being generally preceded, as it is certain to be always followed by, a famine.

FOND. To fawn as a dog.

FOOTHER. To do any work or business in a bungling, unskilful manner; a clumsy, awkward workman; an ill-done job. FOOTY. Ineffectual, powerless, weak, in-expert, unhandy.

FOR-BYE. Besides; over and above.

FORE-BEARERS. Ancestors-either male or female.

FOR-GAIN. Near to; adjacent to.

FOR-NENT. Opposite to; face to face; in the presence of.

FORRED. Forward; bold; assuming.

FOZEY. Light, spongy, soft; having little solidity; elastic; easily compressible.

FREETS. Superstitious observances, rites and ceremonies..

FRUSH. Brittle; generally applied to wood that breaks easily and with a short fracture.

FULL. In comfortable circumstances; wealthy; "Hot and Full" is the term some-times used.

FUM TURF. Light, fibrous turf, which in cutting are found immediately beneath the surface layer of the bog.

FUR. A furrow.

FUZZHUNLESS. Having little specific gravity; nearly synonymous with Fozey.

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GAG. Something that is unsightly or in-convenient by reason of its length.

GALAGERS. Legs, prongs, nails, spikes, etc., when longer than usual are so called.

GALLICES. Suspenders or braces for trousers.

GAMMEREL. A term of ridicule for a tall, slender person who is ungraceful in his movements. Also the piece of wood which butchers pass through the hind legs of a slaughtered animal, and by which it is drawn up.

GANT. To yawn.

GATION. One who is much emaciated either by famine or disease.

GAULDER. A loud shout or call; an angry exclamation.

GAURY (the G as in Gap). Anything that is remarkably small of its kind.

GAZEN. Applied to woodwork, signifies to shrink, so that the joints become open.

GIBB. Something bent in form of a hook; the curved head of a walking stick.

GILL-GOWANS. The Gold Marguerite.

GILLYORE. Enough, or more than enough (go leor).

GLAAM. To attempt to grasp an object in the dark.

GLAAR. The tough, adhesive mud which is found at the bottom of bog drains, ponds, and large rivers.

GLABBER. To talk in a hurried, inarticulate manner; to prate without meaning.

GLAG. Fluent in' speech.

GLAKE. A light, thoughtless person.

GLAKIT. Giddy, thoughtless, inattentive.

GLAZEY. Glassy or glossy; applied to corn it means "Not Fully ripe".

GLEDNY. The plant Gladwyn, Stinking Iris.

GLIT. A superficial coating of some glutinous matter, either in the moist or dried state.

GLOWER or GLOUR. To, gaze or stare idly.

GO. The quantity of water, turf, etc., which is carried or drawn at once; also a large quantity, number or amount of anything.

GOLUMPUS. That which is bulky and unwieldy.


GOMPANS. Small pieces or quantities; fragments; remnants.

GOOD-MORROW. Means "Good day to you".

GORB. A greedy, insatiable glutton.

GORBITCH. Garbage - any food which is disgusting or unwholesome; as unripe fruit, or such like.

GORKEYS. A severe cold and cough.

GORLOGHAN. A person who is pale, thin, emaciated or weak.

GOWL. A howl; aloud and bitter cry.

GOW-PEN. The quantity of potatoes, meal, etc., which a person can lift between his hands.

GRAB. Wealth suddenly acquired as by legacy, marriage, or sundry other means.

GRAINS. The prongs of any kind of fork; whether table-fork, pitch-fork, or dung-fork.

GRAPE. A three-pronged dung fork.

GREE-SHAGH. Hot cinders or embers of a turf fire.

GREG. To mock with false hopes; to tantalise; to excite desire after some unattainable good; to stir up unavailing regrets.

GREW. A hungry, voracious animal; a person who is greedy of gain.

GREW-HOUND. A greyhound.

GRIP. A firm, determined grasp,

GRIPE. The trench of a ditch fence.

GROOP. The drain in a cow house into which the dung falls.

GRULSH. A small, ill-thriven pig; some-times also contemptuously bestowed on human beings of a like description.

GUARD OF THE ARM. That part of the arm which is midway between the shoulder and elbow.

GUARDISH. Base, villainous; disposed to act the scoundrel on all occasions.

GUB. The mouth; a protrusion of the under lip in token of displeasure; a pout.

GUBBY. A person who acts as described above.

GUDGEON. A pivot; the end of an axle.

GUERN or GERN. To make a wry face; to snarl; to cry in low murmurs.

GULLION or GULYON. A stagnant pool or sink containing a great depth of foul sediment.

GULLY. An old worn-out knife; an unskilful workman.

GUMPTION or GUNKTION. Rationality; common sense.

GUNK. A mortifying and ludicrous disappointment.

GUTTERS. The foul, muddy sediment which remains in sinks and open street drains after the water has been drawn off.

GUY. This word is generally prefixed to an adjective, with the conjunction and interposed, signifying that the quality or condition expressed is rather greater than ordinary. Thus "Guy and heavy", "Guy and hot", " Guy and large". Nearly synonymous with pretty when an adverb.

GUZZLE. To grapple; to squeeze with the hands to throttle.

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HACK. A command given to a horse to come hitherward.

HAF-LIN. A half-witted person.

HAFT. To allow a great quantity of milk to accumulate in the udder of a cow, when she is about to be offered for sale.

HAG. To hack; to chop; to haggle

HAGGARD. A stack yard.

HAIKEY. A stupid, senseless person. One who acts foolishly in any way.

HAIN. To preserve with peculiar care; to allow pasture to grow to luxuriance before cattle are turned into it.

HAIVEREL. A thoughtless, ignorant, half-witted person.

HALE. To perspire profusely.

HAL-YAN. A lazy, worthless person.

HANDLE or HANNEL. To get through any work or business expeditiously.

HANDYCAP. A bargain in which one thing is given and received in exchange for an-other without the price of either being rated in money. Same as "Swap" in the same dialect.

HANG-CHOICE. When two things are equally bad or worthless they are said to be Hang-choice.

HANGEREL or HINGEREL. A coarse rafter generally split out of bog-oak.

HANN. Hand. Also the manner in which work or business is done, Thus to "make a good Hann" or "a bad Hann" means to manage an affair well or ill.

HANTCH. To snatch eagerly with the teeth; to snap in the manner of an angry or a rabid dog.

HAP. To put on warm apparel; to closely tuck-in bed clothes.

HA-PORTH. "Not a Haporth!" Not anything.

HAPPEN. Warm wearing apparel; warm covering for a bed.

HARL O' BONES. A person or animal that is very lean.

HARL. To peel the skins off potatoes expeditiously, and generally without the assistance of a knife.

HASH. An awkward, clumsy, slovenly, rude, ignorant fellow.

HASKY. Harsh, hard, rough, stubborn; applied both to mind and matter.

HATE. Same as "Haporth", which see.

HATHERIN or HAUTHERIN. Doing any-thing in a slothful, slovenly manner.

HAVEL. An elevated stand on which a stack of corn is built. The stack itself, if of an oblong form, as also called a havel. In some cases a stack is built on a Hovel or open shed from which practice originated the term under consideration.

HAWK. A wound or hurt.

HAZE. To move together as in a crowd in irregular confused mazey lines.

HEAD-PIECE. A man endowed with superior faculties.

HEAP or HAPE, HEAPS. A large quantity or amount of anything, whether it be material or intellectual.

HEAR MY EARS. "I can't hear my ears", is an exclamation frequently uttered when a number of sounds makes it impossible to hear any one thing distinctly.

HEART-SCALD. That which causes grief or uneasiness of mind; anything vexatious.

HEEL O' THE EVENIN'. The latter part of the evening twilight just before night sets in.

HERPLE. To walk in a slow, crippled manner.

HERRIKIN. A hurricane of wind; a fit of anger.

HERRIM-SKERRIM. A person who is either rash, thoughtless, boisterous or furious.

HETHER. The common heath.

HIPE. A horse is said to Hipe when he suddenly throws up his hinder parts, in order to free himself of either rider or harness.

HIZE. To hoist; a sudden elevation; a piece of flattery; a puff.

HOBBLE or a HOBBLESHOE. A confused or intricate affair; a difficulty; an embarrassment.

HOGHAL. To walk lazily; to drag the feet in walking.

HOKE. To scoop out; to dig badly.

HOKE-STEY. A mixture of heterogeneous or incompatible substances, rudely mashed together; a coarse piece of cookery.

HOLLENTIDE. The first day of November; All Saints' day; called also Hallow-tide; All Hallows, Halloween.

HOW-DEY. A midwife.

HUFF. To offend; to displease; sullen displeasure.

HUFFISH. Easily displeased; ready offence.

HUNKER. To squat on the hams. "Sitting on your hunkers", is to sit in a squatting position.

HURD. A herd. To keep cattle in the place allotted them for pasture.

HURKLE. To sit idle when there is work to be done; to sit close to the fire.

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IDLESET. The state of being idle; the time during which one is unemployed.

ILL-WILLED. Unwilling; reluctant.

INCOME. Tumour forming spontaneously; the part not haying received any known external injury.

INDEED AN DOUBLES. A solemn asservation used among young people and by them reckoned equivalent to an oath.

INPOST. An imposthume.

INPUT. Entrance fee or premium; money given to obtain possession of land.

INSENSE. To instruct with care; to explain; to cause to understand.

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JAAP. To abuse in using; to use for improper or unsuitable purposes; to use carelessly.

JABANG. A mean, worthless party, set or assemblage.

JAGG. A slight stab as of pin or a thorn.

JARBLES. Loose, dangling tatters.

JAW. Idle or impertinent talk, persisted in with provoking perseverance.

JIFFEY. A very short space of time.

JIMMEY. Neat, tidy.

JOCOVOUS. Jocose, jocular.

JUBAS-MINDED. Suspicious; ready to imagine ill.

JUGGANS. Broken pieces; fragments.

JUMM. Something that is large and unwieldy and comparatively worthless.

JUNDY. The collision of one heavy body against another; to strike violently against.

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KAIL-RUNT. The stem or stalk of a cabbage.

KEEL. Red chalk; soft red stone used for marking.

KEOW. To assume airs of dignity; to walk with a stately, pompous step; to affect the gentleman.

KESH. A large square basket in which turf are drawn on a car. In boggy roads an underlayer of bushes and branches to be covered with clay or litter.

KIMLIN. A small tub.

KINK. A suppressed laugh; a convulsive cough; the paroxysm of hooping (whooping) cough,

KITCH. A confirmed habit; some action or motion that has become habitual.

KITCHEN. Something taken along with the drier kinds of solid food, to give a relish and assist digestion; such as milk, butter, soup, animal food, fish, etc.; to Kitchen a job of work, is, purposely to spend more time than is necessary in the performance of it.

KITLIN. A kitten.

KIT-THERY. A thoughtless, frolicsome fool.

KNAWKY. Cunning, crafty.

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LAB. A large number or quantity; to throw from the hand.

LAGGEN. The outward angle included between the side and bottom of a tub, etc.

LAM-BEEST. To beat severely.

LAMEATTHER. A cripple; a person who is maimed in either hand or foot.

LAMMIN. A good beating.

LANGEL or SIDE-LANGEL. A rope, chain, or stick, by which the fore and the hind foot, on the same side of a beast are bound together to keep it from crossing fences.

LANT or LANTY. A violent and bitter scold; to scold, to abuse.

LAPPER or LAPPER'D. Coagulated, clotted.

LASH. A large quantity; a great number (lashins and lavins).

LAY-POKE. The loose skin which hangs under the belly of a goose.

LAY-RIG. Ridge in a pasture field. To be on the Lay Rig signifies to be cast on one's own resources, and those very slender : To be destitute of the necessities of life.

LEADERS. The tendons of the hands and feet. It often signifies the muscles generally.

LEATHER. To beat severely.

LEG-BAIL. To "Give Leg Bail" is to fly from arrest, in case of debt or misdemeanour.

LET ON. To divulge a secret; to give intimation of; to feign.

LEVET. Same as Lant.

LICK and a LICKEN. Same as "Leather" and a "Leatherin".

LICK THUMBS. To cease by mutual consent from farther stipulation or litigation; each party holding what he has got. To admit a mutual recrimination.

LING-AL. A cord made by twisting scutched flax, used for sewing brogues.

LIP-AN-LAGIN. Signifies either that a vessel is brimful, or that the edge of a boat is even with the surface of the water.

LOANIN. A narrow lane leading to fields or private dwellings; a bye road.

LOCK. A small quantity; a few. A Little Lock-a very small quantity.

LOGIE. The aperture to the fire place of a kiln.

LONG TACK. A long time spent in one place or at one employment.

LOODER. Unmerciful beating.

LOOPY. Crafty, deceitful, not strictly just in dealings.

LOWE. A heat or flame.

LOWZE. An unrestrained indulgence; to loose.

LUCK-PENNY. In a bargain a small return made to the purchaser.

LUE-WARM. Lukewarm; tepid.

LUNDTHER. A stunning blow.

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MAKE OFF. To acquire; to get possession of; to obtain.

MALAVOGUEIN. One of the numerous names for a beating.

MAN-KEEPER. The newt or eft.

MARLED. Irregularly streaked with various colours; variegated.

MARROW. When two things are exactly alike one is said to be the marrow of the other. A counterpart; one of a pair.

MAWKIN. A simpleton.

MEBBY or MAYBEY. It may be; it is possible; perhaps.

MELDER. The quantity of meal which is ground at one time. Also a large quantity of anything.

MEND. To recover from sickness. To heal.

MENSE. Modest behaviour, discretion.

MENSEFUL. Modest, discreet, well behaved.

MENTION'D HOUSE. Mansion house. when a farm has been divided and each part becomes the residence of a family, the original dwelling whatever may be its pretensions, gets this title.

MESSEN. A little dog, a cur, a contemptible fellow.

MIND. To remember.

MISCHIEF. The devil.

MISDOUBT. To doubt.

MISLIST. To assault, molest, annoy, insult.

MITTS. Mittens; a woollen glove.

MOGH. A sultry, moist, atmosphere.

MOIETY. A part, share, or dividend which is so small as to be merely nominal.

MONROSS. Clumsy, bulky, unwieldy; rude, surly, harsh; brutally rugged in manners.

MOOT. To waste away by slow degrees. To give obscure or indirect hints.

MORE-BE-TOKEN. Moreover; in farther evidence; in additional proof.

MOTHER-NAKED. Quite naked.

MUCH GOOD MAY'T DO YEES. An ejaculation offered up (often offensively) by a bystander in behalf of those that sit at a meal.

MUDYEES. A substitute for tongs, made by bending a piece of hoop iron, or a stick, in the middle of its length.

MUNDGE. v. To chew slowly, and with the mouth closed. It seems to be nearly the opposite of munch.

MY O. An exclamation expressive of surprise, astonishment or amazement.

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NURLED. Stunted in growth.

NARL. To gnaw with the teeth. To cavil; to find fault; to be captious.


NEAR-BEGONE. Niggardly, parsimonious.

NEW FANGLED. Pleased with the novelty of a thing. Here, it is the person, and not the thing that is said to be New Fangled.

NICKER. Neigh. Also a loud laugh.

NIP. A very small bit. To over-reach in a bargain.

NODGE. To walk or ride at a slow pace.

NOTIONATE. Whimsical; full of vain ideas.

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OART. To cull; to turn over and over.

OARTANS. The refuse which is left behind after a selection is made.

OIL or ILE. To beat severely.

OIL-IN or ILE-IN. A severe beating.

OOSE. Dyeing liquor.

OUT-BYE. Out of doors; at some distance from home.

OUT-GO. A place in which cattle are allowed to go at large.

OUT-SHOT. A projecting part in a building.

OWL BOY. A name for Satan.

OWL-FARENT or OWL-FASHIONED. Crafty, cunning, Generally applied to those children who are so, beyond their years.

OWL-HAN. An artful, subtle person; one who in most transactions, looks well to his own interests.

OWL-WORK. Work attended with more than ordinary difficulty.

OX-TER or OX-THER. The armpit.

OX-TER-COG. To put aside or conceal for one's own use; especially if the right of possession be questionable,

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PADDLE. To press or beat with the soles of the feet. To walk with short steps and slow advances.

PADDOCK-STOOL. A Toadstool; a poisonous fungus resembling a mushroom.

PALEW. Bread made of raw potatoes grated and mixed with flour or meal.

PANG. A heap raised on the top of a cart, bushel etc.

PAT. Fluent in speech; with ready utterance.

PATIENT OF DEATH. An agonising struggle in which a dying person appears to be just departing, when he unexpectedly revives and lives for a few hours or days.

PAULTRY. Gay, fine, showy, tawdry.

PEELAN. Rind; peel.

PEGH. To pant, to breathe hard, in consequence of great exertion.

PERPLEXION or PURPLACTION. Something that causes annoyance, vexation, or trouble. A perplexity.

PHRASEIN. Making long, light and frothy speeches.

PICK. A very small bit, scrap.

PICKLE. A single grain of any kind of corn, seed, shot, etc.

PIKE. A large rick of hay.

PINDER or PINDTHER. To work diligently at some unprofitable handicraft. To work with insufficient light. To scorch animal food in cooking.

PINJIN. Whining, peevish, fretful; ready to complain of poverty without real cause; fearful of expenditure.

PINK-ER or PINNER. Something that is superlatively large or good.

PIPE STOOPLE. The stem broken from a tobacco pipe,

PIPPINS. The seeds contained in an apple or pear.

PITIFUL. Parsimonious; niggardly.

PLANET SHOWERS or PLANETS. Partial showers; heavy showers of small extent, which fall more frequently during the months of May and June.

PLART. A plaster of some dirty matter, thickly daubed on.

POCKARD. Pitted or marked by the small pox.

POGHAL. A small quantity.

POP. A Dot. Also the pap or teat of a cow.

POR-YEY. A small apple, potato, etc.

POSS. To beat or press a bundle of cloth in water for the purpose of washing it; to pound or press an elastic body.

POSTED. Suffering severe sickness or excruciating pain.

POT-LUCK. Share of a family meal, for which preparation has not been made.

POWER. A great number; a large quantity.

POWTER. To dig badly, to stir the fire or ashes incessantly; to poke in the dark.

PRESHAGH. Yellow Charlock; Wild Mustard.

PRIG. To insist on the price of an article being lowered.

PRIZE. A handspike or lever. To raise a heavy body by means of a lever.

PROD. A sharp-pointed instrument; a goad; a slight wound. To goad; to wound slightly.

PRODDLE or PROGLE. To probe, to poke.

PUDYAL. Something that is short and thick.

PUT ON. Clothed. Well put on, well dressed.

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QUARE. A word of rather uncertain signification placed before almost every adjective, with the conjunction AND interposed, as "Quare and big", "Quare and long".

QUAW. A quagmire.

QUIM. adj. Affectedly nice; moving with ease and precision; prim.

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RABLOGH. Yarn, flax, etc., that is coarse and of bad quality.

To RALLAGH. To laugh loudly.

RALLAGH. A rude, clownish horse-laugh.

RAMGUNTCH-AGH. Rash and rude in the highest degree. A rash, rude, ignorant clown.

RAMLET. A remnant of cloth.

RAMP. Having a strong disagreeable taste or smell. To romp.

RAMPAGE. To rage and storm; to prance about wildly, either in mirth or fury, but more generally the latter.

RAMPER. A road through a bog.

RAM-STAM. Rash, thoughtless, headlong, precipitate.

RAP OR RUN. To obtain by any means whether fair or unfair.

RAP. A graceless person; a rascal.

RATH. Called by the Scotch a RAITH. The apparition of a spirit from the invisible world, assuming the appearance of a person who is still living.

REDD. To interfere and separate combatants. To REDD THE HEAD, to comb the hair. To REDD UP, to adjust and put in order things that are in confusion.

REE. Wild, untameable, unmanageable.

REE-BO. A giddy, thoughtless, round of folly; a fit of noisy, turbulent mirth.

REMEMBRY or REMIMBRY. Memory, recollection.

RETHER. An inclination to; a small degree of regard; desire or affection for. A predilection.

RIBE. A very lean animal.

RIFFRAFF. The lowest and meanest of the people; rabble.

RIG. In agriculture, a Ridge.

RIGGEN-TREE. The beam which supports the ridge of a house, where rafters are not used.

RIGHT-IFY. To adjust; set right; cause justice to be done.

RISE. A piece of merriment. To "take a rise out of one" is to excite merriment at his expense..

RITE-THERIE. A number of worthless cattle, fowls, or the like.

ROBIN RUN THE HEDGE. The noxious and troublesome plant, clivers or Goose-grass.

ROOPY. Hoarse.

ROTATION. Placed orderly in a row; ranged in straight lines.

ROUT or ROWT. To roar; to bellow.

ROVE. To become delirious; to rave.

RUCKLE or RICKLE. A small pile of turf raised for the purpose of drying.

RUCTION or RUCK-STY. A riot, uproar, tumult, quarrel.

RUE-RUB. A sore caused by rubbing off the skin in consequence of violent itching.

RUG. To pull violently; to drag.

RULLION or RULYON. A wheel for winding yarn, generally made from an old spinning-wheel.

RUNCHY. Coarse, harsh; generally applied to edible roots and fruits that are either naturally bad, or are out of their proper sea-son.

RUND-JE. A person who is remarkable for strength rather than symmetry of muscle.

RUNG. The step of a ladder; the perpendicular bar of a field gate; a coarse staff; a tall, awkward person.

RUNJEY. Of a structure or make-up nearly answering to the poetical description - "Half muscle and half bone".

RUNNELL. A small rivulet.

RUNT. The. stalk of cabbage or of colewort; a churl.

RUST. To "Take the rust", to refuse to do or submit to something proposed,

RUSTY. (Applied to horses.) Stubborn: unwilling to go forward.

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SACK FULL. Completely filled; satiated.

SACK THICK. To the utmost extent; superlatively.

SAGGANS. Water-flag with triangular leaves; a species of Iris; the fleur de lys.

SALE-RIFE. Ready for sale, marketable, saleable.

SALT WATER. The sea.

SAPPLE. To moisten thoroughly.

SAUCE. To cause a heavy body to fall with violence to the ground.

SCAWN. A cake hastily baked; generally part raw, part burned.

SCOLLOP. A stout rod such as is used for fastening thatched roofs; to fasten thatch; to beat with a rod.

SCONCE. One who is addicted to ridicule; to taunt, scoff, ridicule; to make merry at another's expense.

SCONDER. Something that causes disgust or, loathing.

SCOWDER. A piece of cookery done secretly and in great haste. for fear of detection; to cook privately and hastily, generally for the purpose of a little self-indulgence. Nearly the same as Junket.

SCRABBY. Something that is remarkably small of its kind.

SCRADYAN. Something that is small and worthless.

SCRAW or SCRA. A thin paring of grassy turf, used for covering houses, beneath the thatch; also an extensive cutaneous eruption.

SCREAGH. A hoarse scream, such as that of a duck or crane. A narrow strip of cloth torn off; a long rent in a piece of cloth.

SCREED. To tear cloth or paper hastily.

SCREEVE. To beat with a rod vigorously.

SCREEVIN. The noun of the foregoing.

SCRUB. A small bundle of heath bound together, used in washing wooden vessels.

SCRUNTY. A small worthless fruit; a dwarfish animal.

SCUDDLE. To dabble in water; to wash clothes, to waste time in useless cooking.

SCUFF. To wear clothes until they are no longer decent.

SCUTCH. Couch grass; Quitch grass, dog grass.

SEEDS. The husk or cuticle of oats, which is separated from the grain by shelling and winnowing and subsequently from the meal by sifting. The husks are called the Seeds; the real seeds or kernels of the grain are called the shilling.

SEEDY. Oatmeal is said to be seedy when it contains a mixture of husk.

SEEPAGE. Leakage, either inward or out-ward; the water which oozes into a well through its sides; to ooze slowly; to draw any liquor slowly in between the lips; to sip.

SEMPLE. Belonging to the order in society as opposed to Gentle.

SET DOWN or SETTIN DOWN. A severe reprimand.

SET UP. To become tired in washing or working, so as to be unable to proceed. Growing crops are said to "Set up" when they begin to languish and decline in consequence of unfavourable weather, defective or injudicious culture, or poverty of soil.

SEVENDIBLE. Thorough, complete.

SHAAPS. Peas, oats, etc., not grown to maturity.

SHAFT. The handle of a shovel or other implement.

SHANAGH. A very warm confabulation after a long absence.

SHANK. The stalk of a fruit.

SHEAR. To reap; to cut grass with a reaping-hook.

SHEELA. A mean-spirited fellow; a man who meddles in women's affairs.

SHERPET. Weak, feeble, pale, emaciated; also tasteless, insipid; wanting strength or flavour.

SHILL. To shill beans, peas, oats, etc.; to undress them.

SHILL. Shrill.

SHILLIN. The kernel of oats when cleared of the husk.

SHILTY. A pony.

SHINAN. A tendon.

SHIRE. To pour off gently, so as to leave the sediment undisturbed; to decant; to separate by subsidence. In a piece of cloth a part that is thinner than the rest, either from wear or bad weaving.

SHOAVES or SHOWES. The woody fibre which is broken down and separated from flax in scutching.

SHOOL. To lead a wandering life, depend-ing on contingencies for subsistence.

SHOOLER. An idle stroller; a vagrant.

SHUGGEY SHOE. A suspended rope in which children swing one another for amusement.

SHUGH. In agriculture, a drill; the trench of a ditch. To raise drills; to disappoint an expectation; to frustrate a design; to obstruct an operation.

SHURL. To fall, not by overturning, but by sliding downward.

SILLY. Weak or feeble in mind or body; whether naturally, or rendered so by disease.

SIMPLE MEDICINE. is used for one that is supposed to be mild and gentle in its operation, no matter of how many ingredients it may be compounded.

SKELF. A thin splinter of wood; to separate by cleaving.

SKELLY. A disagreement, difference, unevenness, inequality; disproportion between one thing and another. A squint in the eyes.

SKELP. A slap with the palm of the hand. To run about idly.

SKERL. A loud scream.

SKEY. A rudely-constructed loft, generally laid with loose or round timber, and sometimes formed of wickerwork

SKIBLE. Something that is slightly constructed or slenderly put together. A worthless, good-for-nothing person.

SKID. To tantalize.

SKIM-PET. Not ample, not sufficiently large, stinted.

SKINK. To pour liquor hastily backward and forward between two vessels.

SKIT. A frolic; a merry prank.

SKITS. An empty, worthless, contemptible fellow; a smart stroke with the hand.

SKITT or SKIFFLE. A light shower of rain.

SKITT. A gay, frolicsome girl.

SKOWE. An irregularity in form; to turn away.

SLABBERY. Rainy, wet, dirty. As "Slabbery weather", "Slabbery roads".

SLAKE. A slight daub of dirt, paint, etc.; a hurried washing of the face.

SLAN-LASS. The lance-leaved Plantain or Rib-wort.

SLAP. A great number or quantity.

SLAT. A sloat; one of the crossbars in a cart; or upright one in a gate.

SLEEK-IT. Sleek; sly.

SLENT. To deviate from truth; yet in such a way as not to be chargeable with direct lying.

SLIGGAN. A name given indifferently to those large fresh water mussels, the duck mussel or the swan mussel.

SLIM. To do work carelessly or by halves.

SLIM-CAKE. Thin flour and potato cake.

SLINDGE. A lash with something that is long and pliant, as a long, slender rod or a whip; to lash.

SLIPE. A sliding carton which heavy loads are drawn; to smooth plaster, etc.

SLIPPY. Slippery.

SLITHER. To slip or slide; to saunter idly from place to place; to while away time.

SLITHERY. Slippery.

SLOAMY. Indolent, inactive.

SLOAT. Gulping or swallowing drink greedily, and by long or large draughts.

SLOCK-EN. To assuage thirst.

SLUMP. To plunge the foot suddenly into mire or water in consequence of making a false step.

SLURRY. Mud in a very fluid state.

SLUT. A poor substitute for candle, made by dipping and rolling a tow-string or strip of cloth in melted black resin.

SLYSTERIN. A term of contempt for a branch of cookery, the object of which is to please a fastidious taste; also cooking in a slovenly, untidy manner.

SMERR. A very slender kind of grass bearing a red flower.

SMIT. An infectious disease. To communicate disease, either by contagion or through the medium of the atmosphere.

SMITCH. A small scab or pustule, such as is occasioned by itch.

SMITE. The smallest scrap; an atom.

SMITTLE. Contagious, infectious.

SMOLLOCK. A smart fillip with the finger a blow on the head with the knuckles.

SMUDGE. A suppressed concealed laugh. To laugh secretly.

SMURR. A small rain.

SMUSH. The refuse of hay or straw, consisting chiefly of weeds and short or decayed stalks.

SNACK. A slight repast, taken between regular meals; a lunch; also the hook which receives the latch of a gate or door.

SNACK-DRAWER. A crafty, deceitful per-son.

SNAFFLE. A creeping, insidious rascal; a low, petty villain.

SNAG. To strike off branches or twigs.

SNAPPER. Something that is excellent in its kind.

SNARL. To curl together in consequence of over-twisting.

SNASH. Saucy, railing, abusive language.

SNED. That part of a scythe to which the blade and handles are attached,

SNEEVIL. To squeak through the nose.

SNIFTERS. Stoppage of the nostrils in infants and young children; also petty disagreements, generally of the domestic kind.

SNIG. A keen, cutting reproof; a caustic repartee.

SNOD. Neat, compact, tidy; also haughty, uncivil, unfriendly, pert; to make neat; to put in order.

SNOKE. To smell about like a dog; to fawn; to wheedle; to creep into a comfortable situation.

SNOOL. A mean, dastardly person; one who will stoop to anything however low and dishonourable; or who will tamely submit to anything however oppressive.

SNOW-BROTH. Melted snow; snow-water.

SONSE. Good luck; good fortune; success; prosperity.

SONSY. Luck; attended by good fortune.

SOON AS SYNE. "As Bonn as sync" signifies, as well now as hereafter.

SOOPLE. The striking part of a flail. Active, nimble, fleet of foot.

SOUSE. In a wet, dirty, rotten condition. To box the ears. To fall heavily.

SPAE-MAN or WOMAN. One who professes to reveal secrets, foretell future events, or make discoveries about lost goods.

SPANG. A sudden spring, leap or bound.

SPANKER. A gay, bold-spirited forward person. A brisk, lively horse.

SPAR. To foretell; to reveal secrets; to divine.

SPAWL. The limb of an animal or branch of a tree.

SPEEL. To climb.

SPENCER. An outer jacket, worn over the dress.

SPENCHAL. A rope sometimes used to tie the legs of cows when milking.

SPENCHAL. To tie the feet. Figuratively, to put under restraint.

SPEWTERAGH. A mixture that is made too thin or too weak.

SPIDDERY. Slender, weak.

SPIN-DRIFT. Small rain driven with the wind. Small shot.

SPLAY. In masonry, the deviation from a right angle by which the opening for doors and windows are made to widen inwards. Sometimes called the "Reveal".

SPLEUGHAN. A leathern purse; or a pouch for holding tobacco.

SPOOL OF THE BREAST. The cartilage which yields to external pressure; or the junction of that cartilage with the breast bone.

SPRANK-NEW. Quite new.

SPREE. A frolic; a wild prank; a course of folly.

SPRINGED. Ill-thriven.

SPRIT. A kind of rush that grows in moist meadows.

SPROGHAL. In walking, to make great haste and small speed.

SPUNK. A small scrap of live coal remaining after a fire has burned out or been extinguished.

SQUAD. A party. A term expressive of supreme contempt.

STAMMER. To stumble in walking, to stagger, to stutter.

STARKEN. To congeal, concrete, harden, grow stiff. Applied to melted fat, gravy, etc.

STEEVAN. A full meal.

STELK. Food made by bruising various garden vegetables together with potatoes.

STIAN. A stye. Small tumour on the margin of the eyelid.

STIME. The smallest conceivable exercise of vision. To be unable to see a stime means either to be totally blind, or in total darkness.

STIRABOUT. Thick gruel.

STOB. A wooden peg or stake.

STODGE. Gruel, pudding, etc., made more thick and stiff than usual.

STOON. A violent throbbing, jaculating pain. To shoot or throb, with short intermissions of pain.

STOOR. Dust floating in the air.

STRADDLE. The saddle in cart harness.

STRADDLE. To extend the legs laterally to an unusual width,

STRAM. To flog. A single stroke inflicted with some instrument of chastisement.

STRAP. A disrespectful term bestowed on a girl.

STRICKLE. The instrument used for whetting a scythe..

STRIFFEN. A very thin membrane.

STRINKLE. To scatter hay, straw, seed, etc., very thin; to bestrew.

STRINKLIN. Anything thinly scattered; a sprinkling;

STROM Straw.

STRUNT. A fit of ill-humour; to become obstinately sulky.

STUBBLY. Strong, healthy, hardy; firm in constitution.

SUCKIN. The trade or business attached to an establishment, as a mill, shop, etc.

SUGGAN. A rustic saddle or collar, made of hay or straw, with which asses and horses are sometimes accoutred. The former kind is called a back suggan, the latter a neck suggan.

SUGH. Loud sonorous breathing; a hollow whistling wind; a rumour.

SURFEIT. An illness (generally pleurisy) occasioned by excessive fatigue. A chill after profuse perspiration.

SWAB. A butcher's servant; a low, mean fellow.

SWAD or SWOD. A pod.

SWADDY. An animal or domestic fowl that is fat and heavy.

SWANKIN. Same as STEEVAN. SWATTHER. To dabble or splash in water; to flounce through water.

SWEEP-IT or SWEEP'TH. The smallest conceivable quantity. Not a Sweepit, not anything.

SWER. Unwilling, reluctant.

SWICK. A very small candle.

SWINDGE. To singe, to scorch. Singed. Habitually chilly in consequence of being much at the fire.

SWIRL or SWURL. A whirling, circular motion; a curve; an eddying blast of wind , to twirl round; to move in a circular direction.

SWITHERIN. Wavering; hesitating; in doubt; in swithers.

SWOP. To give in exchange, also to resemble. A bargain by exchange.

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TAAPY or TAW-PAY. A foolish, thoughtless person.

TACK. A peculiar, generally disagreeable, taste. A long time spent in one place or at one employment.

TAIT. A lock of hair, wool or flax.


TAKE-IN. A deceiver; a cheat, a fraud. To over-reach in a bargain to cheat, to deceive.

TAKE-UP. To change from foul to fair weather

TAM-BOY. A young girl who is a romp.

TAM-MOCK. A tuft of grass, rushes, etc.; a small hillock rising a few inches above the ordinary level of the ground, or above the surface of water.

TANTRUM. A short fit of madness.

TAPENY. A crested fowl. Also a person who is timid; fainthearted, cowardly and irresolute.

TASTE. A very small quantity or piece of anything.

TAWS. An instrument of chastisement used in schools and some families instead of a rod. Also the buds that grow out of store potatoes during the summer.

TEATHENS. Those tufts of luxuriant grass which, in pasture ground, spring up where dung has been dropped.

TENT. The quantity of ink taken in a pen at each dip. To become unsound, in the state of dry rot.

TENTED. Partially rotten; generally applied to wood and linen.

TETHER. A cart rope.

TEW. To toil or struggle hard.

THEGITHER. Together.

THICK. Intimate, closely acquainted, familiar; on friendly terms.

THIN SKINNED. Of an irritable temper;' easily offended.

THINK-LONG. To earnestly desire; to suffer the pain of absence, whether it regard place, company or enjoyment.

THOLE. To abstain from food or drink. To endure,

THON. Yon,

THONDER. Yonder.

THORM. The small intestines of the sheep properly prepared; catgut'.

THOW. Thaw,

THRA. To twist; to put out of proper form; to turn awry:

THRA-HOOK or CROOK. An instrument used for twisting hay ropes.

TIFT. Is used in ridicule for fashion, style, mode or finery.

TIG. A gentle tap with the finger. A child's game:

TIME ABOUT By turns; alternately.

TIT' FOR TAT. By way of retaliation; returning evil for evil.

TIT. The teat, pap, or dug of an animal.

TO THE FORE. Still in existence, forth-coming, present.

TOAST. Toward.

TOLEY. A small cake of bread.

TOO MANY. Is used for Too Much, as a task that is too difficult or an opponent too powerful for a person, is said to be Too many for him:

TOPPEN or TAPPEN. The crest or plume feather growing on the crown of the head of some fowls:

TOSSICATE. To agitate, disturb, disquiet.

TOSSICATION. Agitation; restlessness of either mind or body.

TOTHERS. Tatters; loose, dangling rags.

TOTHERY. Out of order, slovenly, in confusion.

TOUCH. A cord tightly twisted on a horse's nose to hold him by; also a very short interval of time.

TOUCHOUS. Easily offended; irascible.

TOWSEY or TOWZIE. Comfortably warm.

TRAHONEYON. A person who is disposed to live by his wits, rather than by his work; a crafty, flattering, wheedling beggar.

TRAVALLEY. A loud explosive report; whether it be of gunpowder or of angry passion. A crush or rushing past.

TREAD. The bed or ridge on which garden seeds are sown broadcast.

TRIMMIN. One of the many names for a good beating.

TRINKET. A small rivulet.

TRIPPER. Anything possessing extraordinary qualities either good or bad.

TRUMP. The musical instrument which is also called the "Jews' Harp".

TRYSTE. To give to a tradesman an order for an article to be made.

TRYSTED. Made to order.

TUG. Cow's hide dried without being tanned.

TURKEY. A pig; a diminutive or endearing term.

TWANG. A peculiar, generally disagreeable, flavour: A Tang.

TWANGLE. A tall, slender person.

TWILLEY. A loud and angry altercation. To overwhelm beneath a torrent of abusive language.

TWITTHERY. Growing crops are said to be twitthery when the stalks are slender and weak, either from too thick sowing or poverty of the soil.

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UNDER BOARD. Laid out as a corpse previous to interment.

UNDER THE ROOF. Next door; houses contiguous to each other.

UPCAST. To reproach by the relation of disgraceful transactions drawn from the history of past times or past generations.

UPSETTIN. Ambitious, conceited, assuming.

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VAGE. A voyage; but it is often used for a journey by land, especially a carter's journey.

VALLEY. To regard; to submit to authority; to value.

VANQUISH. To disappear suddenly; to vanish.

VAST. This word is used for a great quantity, number or extent. As a vast -of money, -of cattle, -of land, etc.

VOCATION. Is often used instead of vacation.

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WABBLE. Soap lather, used for shaving, hence wabble boy and wabble brush.

WAFF. A small blast or puff of wind. To wave or flap. -Waft.

WAKE-RIFE. Wakeful, either from watchfulness, or inability to sleep.

WALLOP. To swing or shake from side to side.

WAPPER. Something that is excellent in its kind.

WARSH. Tasteless, insipid.

WATLIN. A beating inflicted with a rod.

WATTLE A rod; to beat with a rod.

WAUGHT. Weight; also a small vessel made by stretching a skin upon a hoop used in winnowing grain.

WAUGHTY. Weighty.

WEAN. A child, -from the Scotch, wee ane, -little one.

WEAPON. Any working tool, as a spade or shovel.

WEARY. A name for the Devil.

WEATHER-BLEAT, The male Snipe.

WEATHER-GALL. A part of the arch of the rainbow appearing in the morning; generally supposed to presage foul weather.

WELL-HANDLED. Dexterous in the use of the needle.

WELT. To beat.

WELTIN. One of the almost innumerable names for a beating.

WELTS. Inflamed tumid lines on the skin caused by strokes of a whip, rod, etc.

WHACK. Thwack.

WHANG. A leather thong; a large slice of bread, etc.; to cut off large pieces; to beat severely.

WHAUMMEL or WHAMBLE. To over-turn; to upset.

WHEEN. A great number, a large quantity.

WHEEP. To whistle; to chirp. A single shrill whistle,

WHEEZLE. To wheeze.

WHIFFLE. To give an indirect or evasive answer.

WHIGMALEERIES. Odd fancies; wild ideas; also useless trinkets or toys.

WHIMPER. The smallest word, hint or intimation.

WHINDGE. To whine; to whimper; to cry in low plaintive murmurs.

WHIPSTHER. A bold, forward, obstreperous woman.

WHISH. Used to drive away fowls.

WHISHT. Hist or Whist; an exclamation commanding silence.

WHIT or WHITE. To pare with a knife.

WHOLESOME. To be habitually in possession of an extraordinary appetite, with suitable digestive powers.

WHOLUS BOLUS. Wholly; altogether; without separation or division.

WIN. To make hay; to dry anything thoroughly.


WINDLE-STRAWS. Crested dog's tail grass.'

WISTIT. Worsted.

WIZZEN. To dry up; to shrivel; injured by drying; shrivelled; sapless.

WON. Completely dried.

WORM MONTH. The dog days; because about that time many insect transformations take place.

WREATH. A heap of snow driven together by the wind.

WRENCH. To rinse; a hasty wash.

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YAAP. This word resembles the peculiar note of some young fowls. It also signifies to prate unceasingly.

YELLAGH. A violent, rude laugh; to laugh loudly.

YOWL. The mewing of a cat; the plaintive cry of a child or dog; to cry from being hurt or pained.

YOWTLIN. A child.

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